Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA) is a scientific method that facilitates rational selection, through evaluating various discrete options based on multiple criteria. It is a method that has been often applied in settings where various domains – domains that often are occupied with the analysis of different variables and phenomena in isolation – coalescence. As a result, MCA has often been applied in settings related to the planning of urban and environmental planning, including the implications of such planning on health and security issues.
Various approaches have been developed based on the basic concept of MCA. One potential approach that might prove relevant includes multi-criteria mapping (MCM). MCM – which was initially developed during a collaborative project between Andy Stirling, the Sussex Innovation Centre and DabApps – aims to open up technical assessment by enabling mapping of options, contexts, values, knowledge and uncertainty (http://steps-centre.org/methods/pathways-methods/vignettes/mcm/). The approach enables participants to evaluate different topics using a number of criteria. By means of weighing criteria and averaging individual scores, a prioritisation of topics can be established.
There are also other approaches related to MCA that could potentially facilitate the prioritisation of assessment needs.